Monday, February 12, 2007

Pomegranate Extract fights gingival disease

DENTAL PLAQUE, DENTAL HYGIENE - Pomegranate, Punica Granatum, Chlorhexidine, Diet, Fruit

"Punica granatum (pomegranate) extract is active against dental plaque," Menezes SM, Cordeiro LN, Viana GS, J Herb Pharmacother, 2006; 6(2): 79-92. (Address: Faculty of Medicine of Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara, Brazil. E-Mail: ).

In a randomized, controlled study involving 60 healthy patients aged 9-25 years, results suggest that the hydroalcoholic extract (HAE) from Punica granatum (pomegranate) is effective against dental plaque. The participants were randomized to 1 of 3 groups - (1) control group (n=20) used distilled water as mouth rinse; (2) standard group (n=20) used chlorhexidine as mouth rinse; (3) (n=20) used HAE as mouth rinse. Dental plaque was collected from participants without oral hygiene for 24 hours both before and after a 1-min mouth rinse. Mouth rinse with HAE was found to decrease dental plaque microorganisms by 84%, compared to 79% for chlorhexidine, and only 11% for distilled water. Thus, the authors of this study conclude, "The HAE presented also an antibacterial activity against selected microorganisms, and may be a possible alternative for the treatment of dental plaque bacteria."



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